Cholesterol, triglycerides, the good the bad and the ugly.

Research are still going on the risks linked to high cholesterol and cardiovascular disease. People had to consume low fat in order to reduce the risks, now we say we need high fat and low sugar diet to reduce the risks, doctors are still giving statins to reduce cholesterol and reduce the risks… What are the risks ?

Cholesterol and triglycerides

You have different types of fat circulating in your body and proteins that are linked to them as transporters. Our cholesterol level is linked to our age, gender, genetic, health status and also exercise and diet while triglycerides are mainly linked to our diet and cholesterol level.

Cholesterol plays a big role in our health, it is part of our cells membranes, component of the bile salts improving digestive health, active part of fat soluble vitamin transport and of course an essential part of some of our hormones… (1) We have several protein in charge of our cholesterol regulation, the most known are LDL and HDL. To summarise LDL will transport cholesterol out of production sites to carry around the body where needed and HDL carries the excess back to the liver for excretion. (2)

Research tends to prove that chronic inflammation will cause a decrease in HDL and increase in triglycerides, it is easy to understand that decreasing inflammation will therefor impact positively on both levels. (3)

Triglycerides are absorbed from food and created by the liver as it is the most common stored fat in our body, used later as a source of energy. Extra calories and food sources like sugar and transfat will be stored as triglycerides in our body. (4)

People suffering from type 2 diabetes or pancreas disease will likely have high level of triglycerides, it will lead to a low level of HDL and increase cholesterol plasma level as well as cardiovascular disease risks (5)

Who are at risks of cardiovascular diseases

There are unfortunately many conditions leading to cardiovascular defects.
Obstruction in the arteries will have fatal consequences, those aggregation of different form of fat and calcium are seen more often in people suffering from hyper cholesterol and hyper triglycerides. Often linked to inflammation, oxidative damage, toxin abuse from cigarette or food, type 2 diabetes, alcoholism… the level of cholesterol and triglycerides is an indicator that should trigger further investigation in order to understand the underlying condition.
 

Reducing risks through diet and exercise

Reducing the risk will mainly come from finding the underlying reason, adopting a diet that fits personal needs. The major rules are essential the same for everybody, no processed food, limiting toxins, low level of stress, adequate hydration from water consumption and a balanced diet.

It will protect not only your heart but also your pancreas, liver and kidneys which are at risk in presence of high triglycerides level. (6)

If the body is showing sign of disease food can help by balancing some chemicals, adding more antioxidants, lowering purine to lower inflammation in some people, restoring the gut, improving oxygenation and so much more!

Exercising regularly has an impact on our hormones level, metabolism, nutrient absorption…

All this will lead to an optimal level of cholesterol and triglycerides.

Meditative note

We still do not know much about cholesterol except that we need it.

If your level are too high or too low and you think you have a perfect lifestyle you should investigate further your different body systems, it may be a sign of an underlying condition and instead of trying to adjust your levels it would be necessary to assess the real reason behind.

And most important, enjoy your life, reduce your stress.

Look after yourselves, eat well and be happy.

By Happy2feed

REFERENCES

  1. Huff T, Jialal I. Physiology, Cholesterol. [Updated 2018 Oct 27]. In: StatPearls [Internet]. Treasure Island (FL): StatPearls Publishing; 2018 Jan-. Available from: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/books/NBK470561/
  2. Feingold KR, Grunfeld C. Introduction to Lipids and Lipoproteins. [Updated 2018 Feb 2]. In: Feingold KR, Anawalt B, Boyce A, et al., editors. Endotext [Internet]. South Dartmouth (MA): MDText.com, Inc.; 2000-.
  3. Feingold KR, Grunfeld C. The Effect of Inflammation and Infection on Lipids and Lipoproteins. 2019 Jan 8. In: Feingold KR, Anawalt B, Boyce A, et al., editors. Endotext [Internet]. South Dartmouth (MA): MDText.com, Inc.; 2000-.
  4. https://www.urmc.rochester.edu/encyclopedia/content.aspx?contenttypeid=56&contentid=2967
  5. Yuan, G., Al-Shali, K. Z., & Hegele, R. A. (2007). Hypertriglyceridemia: its etiology, effects and treatment. CMAJ : Canadian Medical Association journal = journal de l’Association medicale canadienne, 176(8), 1113-20.
  6. Yuan, G., Al-Shali, K. Z., & Hegele, R. A. (2007). Hypertriglyceridemia: its etiology, effects and treatment. CMAJ : Canadian Medical Association journal = journal de l’Association medicale canadienne, 176(8), 1113-20.

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